Religious teachings of Sakyamuni Buddha came to Russia from neighboring Asian countries. His story begins in our country in the 17th century. It was at this time Kalmyks professing Buddhism, migrated from China in the lower Volga region.
Buddhism was the most widespread in Buryatia. On these grounds the doctrine brought Tibetan and Mongolian lamas and monks. Before their arrival in the community flourished shamanism. The main deity was Buryats Baikal, which they worshiped. Over time Buddhism bizarrely mixed with local beliefs. That loyalty to the ancient eastern teachings ceremonial traditions and provided him with such popularity among transbaikalian nationalities.
Since 1741 in the Russian Empire, Buddhism was officially recognized. Center of Buddhism in Russia was Transbaikalia territory. In Buryatia was built more than 40 churches and 140 datsans. In 1769 was built the first wooden monastery in Buryatia - Sartulsky. In the 18th century began to act Tamchin datsan. In the 19th century there was another large temple complex - Agin datsan.
With the advent of Soviet power in Russia Buddhism, like other religions, was persecuted. Datsans in Buryatia razed, lamas and monks were sent to labor camps. Things began to change in 1946. First signs of revival of Buddhist traditions in Russia was building Ivolginsky datsans in Buryatia.
Not far from Ulan-Ude is a modern spiritual center of Russian Buddhism - Ivilginski temple ("Hambyn Sume"). Its construction began in 1945 with the permission of the steadfast leader IV Stalin. Efforts of the lamas and monks who survived the repression, a small monastery began to grow and become a major temple complex. Now in its territory is located a few temples Institute Choynhorlin Dashi, the hotel building, library, funeral stupa house lamas. But the main shrine is imperishable datsans Dashi-Dorzho Itigelov. Buryatia has become a place where the 12th Khambo Lama fell into a state, which still can not be described scientists.
There isn’t reliable date Itigelov’s birth, but most researchers believe the date of his birth in 1852. Throughout his life, he never ceased to amaze those around her supernatural abilities. In 1927 there was a sorrowful event - Hamba Lama died Itigelov. Before his death, bequeathed to his disciples to retrieve it from the grave in 2002, and that was done.
Itigelov body after death left without any visible changes. Buddhists tend to believe that it is in a state of deep nirvana. Now the figure of St. stored in the palace, which is named in his honor.
Not only Ivilginski temple and its sacred relic attracted the attention of pilgrims. In Buryatia actively being rebuilt and restored datsans that were for centuries the spiritual and scientific centers of Buddhism and Eastern medicine. Again act Agin, Tamchin, Gegetuysky datsans.